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The Petition of Right




royal requests; Stuart succession; more resistance; raising taxes; prevent; restricted; forced; financial control

j

Parliament began to show__________________________ ___________________ to the

monarchy under the__________________________________ from 1603 by using its

gradually acquired weapon of_______________________________________________ . It was

influenced by the gentry and began to refuse____________________________________________

for money, ft eventually_________________________ Charles I to sign the Petition

of Right in 1628, which further_____________________________________ the monarch's

powers and was intended to________________________________ him from__________________

____________ without Parliament's consent.



Just English. Английский для юристов


TASK 2. Translate the text below into English using the information and vocabulary from the text in Task 1:

Петиция о правах

Конституционное противостояние в XVII веке выразилось в появлении в 1628 году документа, известного как Петиция о праве. Нуждаясь в денежных средствах, король Карл I по­пытался получить деньги от своих подданных, минуя парла­мент, В 1628 году парламент заставил короля принять Пети­цию о праве, которая разрешала взимать налоги только с со­гласия парламента. Этот документ гарантировал английским подданным и другие права,

TASK 3. Read the text and write doivn Russian equivalents for the words and expressions in bold type:

The Bill of Rights

The Bill of Rights (1689) is one of the basic instruments of the British constitution, the result of the long 17[)l-century struggle between the Stuart kings and the English people and Parliament The Bill of Rights provided the foundation on which the government rested after the Revolution of 1688. The Revolution settlement made monarchy clearly conditional on the will of Parliament and provided a freedom from arbitrary government of which most Englishmen were notably proud during the 18lh century-

The main purpose of the act was unequivocally to declare illegal various practices of James II. Among such practices proscribed were the royal prerogative of dispensing with the law in certain cases, the complete suspension of laws without the consent of Parliament, and the levying of taxes and the maintenance of a standing army in peacetime without specific parliamentary authorization. A number of clauses sought to eliminate royal interference in parliamentary matters, stressing that elections must be free and that members of Parlament must have complete freedom of speech Certain forms of interference in the course of justice were also proscribed. The act also dealt with the proximate succession to the throne, provided the heirs were Protestants. It is the constitutional paper of great importance, which prevented the sovereign from abusing his authority.


Chapter I, Law Worldwide 23

TASK 4. The word AUTHORITY has the folloming meanings in Russian:

Власть

supreme authority — верховная власть







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