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Инфинитив без частицы to.




1. После модальных глаголов must, can (could), may (might), need. You must do it at once.   He can speak German.   May I come in? Need he come here? Вы должны это сделать немедленно. Он умеет говорить по-немецки. Можно мне войти? Нужно ли ему приходить сюда?
2. после глаголов to make – заставлять to let – разрешать и иногда после to help – помогать (особенно в США) I let him go there. She made me cry.   Help me (to) do it now. Я разрешил ему пойти туда. Она заставила меня заплакать. Помоги мне сделать это сейчас.
3. в обороте «объектный падеж с инфинитивом» после глаголов to see видеть, to watch наблюдать, to here слышать, to feel чувствовать и некоторых других I saw her leave the room.   I heard her sing. I felt him put his hand on my shoulder. Я видел, как она вышла из комнаты. Я слышал, как она поет. Я почувствовал, как он положил руку на мое плечо.
Примечание: когда глаголы, перечисленные в пп. 2 и 3, употреблены в страдательном залоге, следующий за ним инфинитив употребляется с частицей to. He was made to do it.
4. после выражений had better лучше бы, would rather, would sooner предпочел бы You had better go there at once.   I would rather not tell them about it.   He said he would sooner stay at home. Вам бы лучше пойти туда немедленно. Я предпочел бы не говорить им об этом. Он сказал, что предпочел бы остаться дома.

 

Тренировочные упражнения

Задание:Выберите правильную форму инфинитива

 

1. What did you come here for? It is mean of you ... our holiday.

а) to spoil

б) to be spoiling

в) to have spoilt

г) to have been spoilt

2. Diplomacy is ... and say the nastiest things in the nicest way.

а) to do

б) to be doing

в) to have been doing

г) to have done

3. Judging from the books and papers on his desk he must ... since they left him in the morning.

а) be working

б) work

в) have worked

г) have been working

4. It is not enough to have a good mind; the main thing is ... it.

а) to be using

б) to use

в) to have used

г) to have been using

5. No words can describe the fascination of the place. It must....

а) see

б) be seen

в) have seen

г) have been seen

6. This dress looks so old and worn out. It seems ... ages ago.

а) to make

б) to be made

в) to have been made

г) to have made

7. She was horrified at herself. To have asked his name, to have been told his name and ..... it!

а) to forget

б) to be forgotten

в) to have forgotten

г) to have been forgotten

8. We intended ... a new house. But we couldn't afford it; houses are very expensive nowadays.

а) to buy

б) to have bought

в) to be buying

г) to have been buying

9. It was nice of you ... me your Grammar book. Without it I would have been lost.

а) to lend

б) to be lending

в) to have lent

г) to be lent

10. Sheila scrubbed and cleaned ... the little house look nice.

а) to make

б) to be making

в) to have made

г) to have been making

11. Jenny seemed ... no attention to what was going on around her.

а) to pay

б) to be paying

в) to have paid

г) to have been paying

12. Don’t interrupt him when he is working. He hates....

а) to disturb

б) to be disturbing

в) to be disturbed

г) to have been disturbed

13. Can anybody ... me how to use a computer?

а) show

б) be showing

в) have shown

г) be shown

14. You warned me to stay away from Robert. I am sorry not ... your advice.

а) to have followed

б) to be following

в) to follow

г) to have been following

15. He suddenly awoke from his trance; there was a decision....

а) to be made

б) to make

в) to have made

г) to have been made







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