Студопедия Главная Случайная страница Обратная связь

Разделы: Автомобили Астрономия Биология География Дом и сад Другие языки Другое Информатика История Культура Литература Логика Математика Медицина Металлургия Механика Образование Охрана труда Педагогика Политика Право Психология Религия Риторика Социология Спорт Строительство Технология Туризм Физика Философия Финансы Химия Черчение Экология Экономика Электроника

Substantivized adjectives.




Substantivized adjectives have acquired some or all of the charac­teristics of the noun, but their adjectival origin is still generally felt.

Substantivized adjectives are divided into wholly substantivized and partially substantivized adjectives.

Wholly substantivized adjectives have all the characteristics of nouns, namely the plural form, the genitive case; they are associated with articles, i. e. they have become nouns: a native, the natives, a na­tive's hut.

Some wholly substantivized adjectives have only the plural form: eatables, valuables, ancients, sweets, greens.

Partially substantivized adjectives acquire only some of the cha­racteristics of the noun; they are used with the definite article. Partially substantivized adjectives denote a whole class: the rich, the poor; the unemployed. They may also denote abstract notions: the good, the evil, the beautiful, the singular, the plural, the future, the present, the past.

Substantivized adjectives denoting nationalities fall under wholly and partially substantivized adjectives.

Wholly substantivized adjectives are: a Russian — Russians, a Ger­man — Germans.

Partially substantivized adjectives are: the English, the French, the Chinese.

 

Chapter IV







Дата добавления: 2015-09-07; просмотров: 1079. Нарушение авторских прав

codlug.info - Студопедия - 2014-2017 год . (0.006 сек.) русская версия | украинская версия